Компьютерный форум OSzone.net  

Компьютерный форум OSzone.net (http://forum.oszone.net/index.php)
-   Общий по FreeBSD (http://forum.oszone.net/forumdisplay.php?f=10)
-   -   Openvpn. первые шаги. Клиент не видет сеть за сервером. (http://forum.oszone.net/showthread.php?t=136669)

BachiStil 03-04-2009 08:46 1082758

Openvpn. первые шаги. Клиент не видет сеть за сервером.
 
Здравствуйте.
Рано или поздно большинство системных администраторов приходят к решению создать VPN.
Вот и я хочу примкнуть к этому большинству. Опыта по созданию виртуальных частных сетей у меня нет, поэтому для начала решил попробовать на виртуальной машине.
Делал опираясь на данную статью http://www.lissyara.su/?id=1549
Соединение создается, но клиент не видит сеть за VPN-сервером.
server.conf
читать дальше »

proto udp
dev tun
port 2000
ca /usr/local/etc/openvpn/keys/ca.crt
cert /usr/local/etc/openvpn/keys/server.crt
key /usr/local/etc/openvpn/keys/server.key
dh /usr/local/etc/openvpn/keys/dh1024.pem
server 10.10.100.0 255.255.255.0
route-method exe
push "route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0"
#push "dhcp-option DNS 10.0.0.5"
client-config-dir ccd
route 10.10.100.0 255.255.255.252
#route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 10.10.100.1
#tls-server
tls-auth keys/ta.key 0
tls-timeout 120
auth MD5
cipher BF-CBC
keepalive 10 120
comp-lzo
max-clients 2
user openvpn
group openvpn
persist-key
persist-tun
status /var/log/openvpn/openvpn-status.log
log /var/log/openvpn/openvpn.log
verb 3


openvpn.ovpn
читать дальше »

dev tun
proto udp
remote 192.168.1.1
port 2000
client
resolv-retry infinite
ca ca.crt
cert client.crt
key client.key
tls-client
tls-auth ta.key 1
auth MD5
cipher BF-CBC
ns-cert-type server
comp-lzo
persist-key
persist-tun
verb 3
show-net-up


Лог на сервере
читать дальше »

Thu Apr 2 15:40:46 2009 OpenVPN 2.0.6 i386-portbld-freebsd7.0 [SSL] [LZO] built on Mar 24 2009
Thu Apr 2 15:40:46 2009 Diffie-Hellman initialized with 1024 bit key
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 Control Channel Authentication: using 'keys/ta.key' as a OpenVPN static key file
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 Outgoing Control Channel Authentication: Using 128 bit message hash 'MD5' for HMAC authentication
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 Incoming Control Channel Authentication: Using 128 bit message hash 'MD5' for HMAC authentication
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 TLS-Auth MTU parms [ L:1538 D:162 EF:62 EB:0 ET:0 EL:0 ]
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 gw 10.0.0.11
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 TUN/TAP device /dev/tun0 opened
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 /sbin/ifconfig tun0 10.10.100.1 10.10.100.2 mtu 1500 netmask 255.255.255.255 up
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 /sbin/route add -net 10.10.100.0 10.10.100.2 255.255.255.252
add net 10.10.100.0: gateway 10.10.100.2
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 /sbin/route add -net 10.10.100.0 10.10.100.2 255.255.255.0
add net 10.10.100.0: gateway 10.10.100.2
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 Data Channel MTU parms [ L:1538 D:1450 EF:38 EB:135 ET:0 EL:0 AF:3/1 ]
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 GID set to openvpn
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 UID set to openvpn
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 UDPv4 link local (bound): [undef]:2000
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 UDPv4 link remote: [undef]
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 MULTI: multi_init called, r=256 v=256
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 IFCONFIG POOL: base=10.10.100.4 size=62
Thu Apr 2 15:40:47 2009 Initialization Sequence Completed
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 MULTI: multi_create_instance called
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Re-using SSL/TLS context
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 LZO compression initialized
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Control Channel MTU parms [ L:1538 D:162 EF:62 EB:0 ET:0 EL:0 ]
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Data Channel MTU parms [ L:1538 D:1450 EF:38 EB:135 ET:0 EL:0 AF:3/1 ]
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Local Options hash (VER=V4): '1056bce3'
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Expected Remote Options hash (VER=V4): '03fa487d'
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 TLS: Initial packet from 192.168.1.2:2000, sid=961616e1 a0f126d4
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 VERIFY OK: depth=1, /C=RU/ST=Omsk/L=Omsk/O=server/OU=server/CN=server/emailAddress=
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 VERIFY OK: depth=0, /C=RU/ST=Omsk/O=server/OU=server/CN=client/emailAddress=
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Data Channel Encrypt: Cipher 'BF-CBC' initialized with 128 bit key
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Data Channel Encrypt: Using 128 bit message hash 'MD5' for HMAC authentication
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Data Channel Decrypt: Cipher 'BF-CBC' initialized with 128 bit key
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Data Channel Decrypt: Using 128 bit message hash 'MD5' for HMAC authentication
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 Control Channel: TLSv1, cipher TLSv1/SSLv3 DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA, 1024 bit RSA
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 192.168.1.2:2000 [client] Peer Connection Initiated with 192.168.1.2:2000
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 OPTIONS IMPORT: reading client specific options from: ccd/client
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 MULTI: Learn: 10.10.100.2 -> client/192.168.1.2:2000
Thu Apr 2 15:43:17 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 MULTI: primary virtual IP for client/192.168.1.2:2000: 10.10.100.2
Thu Apr 2 15:43:18 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 PUSH: Received control message: 'PUSH_REQUEST'
Thu Apr 2 15:43:18 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 SENT CONTROL [client]: 'PUSH_REPLY,route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0,route 10.10.100.1,ping 10,ping-restart 120,ifconfig 10.10.100.2 10.10.100.1' (status=1)
Thu Apr 2 15:45:32 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 MULTI: bad source address from client [192.168.1.2], packet dropped
Thu Apr 2 15:45:34 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 MULTI: bad source address from client [192.168.1.2], packet dropped
Thu Apr 2 15:45:35 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 MULTI: bad source address from client [192.168.1.2], packet dropped
Thu Apr 2 15:51:10 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 [client] Inactivity timeout (--ping-restart), restarting
Thu Apr 2 15:51:10 2009 client/192.168.1.2:2000 SIGUSR1[soft,ping-restart] received, client-instance restarting


лог клиента
читать дальше »

Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 OpenVPN 2.0.9 Win32-MinGW [SSL] [LZO] built on Oct 1 2006
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 Control Channel Authentication: using 'ta.key' as a OpenVPN static key file
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 Outgoing Control Channel Authentication: Using 128 bit message hash 'MD5' for HMAC authentication
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 Incoming Control Channel Authentication: Using 128 bit message hash 'MD5' for HMAC authentication
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 LZO compression initialized
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 Control Channel MTU parms [ L:1538 D:162 EF:62 EB:0 ET:0 EL:0 ]
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 Data Channel MTU parms [ L:1538 D:1450 EF:38 EB:135 ET:0 EL:0 AF:3/1 ]
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 Local Options hash (VER=V4): '03fa487d'
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 Expected Remote Options hash (VER=V4): '1056bce3'
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 UDPv4 link local (bound): [undef]:2000
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 UDPv4 link remote: 192.168.1.1:2000
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 TLS: Initial packet from 192.168.1.1:2000, sid=12903bca d8356c6e
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 VERIFY OK: depth=1, /C=RU/ST=Omsk/L=Omsk/O=server/OU=server/CN=server/emailAddress=
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 VERIFY OK: nsCertType=SERVER
Thu Apr 02 15:43:16 2009 VERIFY OK: depth=0, /C=RU/ST=Omsk/O=server/OU=server/CN=server/emailAddress=
Thu Apr 02 15:43:17 2009 Data Channel Encrypt: Cipher 'BF-CBC' initialized with 128 bit key
Thu Apr 02 15:43:17 2009 Data Channel Encrypt: Using 128 bit message hash 'MD5' for HMAC authentication
Thu Apr 02 15:43:17 2009 Data Channel Decrypt: Cipher 'BF-CBC' initialized with 128 bit key
Thu Apr 02 15:43:17 2009 Data Channel Decrypt: Using 128 bit message hash 'MD5' for HMAC authentication
Thu Apr 02 15:43:17 2009 Control Channel: TLSv1, cipher TLSv1/SSLv3 DHE-RSA-AES256-SHA, 1024 bit RSA
Thu Apr 02 15:43:17 2009 [server] Peer Connection Initiated with 192.168.1.1:2000
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 SENT CONTROL [server]: 'PUSH_REQUEST' (status=1)
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 PUSH: Received control message: 'PUSH_REPLY,route 10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0,route 10.10.100.1,ping 10,ping-restart 120,ifconfig 10.10.100.2 10.10.100.1'
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 OPTIONS IMPORT: timers and/or timeouts modified
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 OPTIONS IMPORT: --ifconfig/up options modified
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 OPTIONS IMPORT: route options modified
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 TAP-WIN32 device [Подключение по локальной сети 2] opened: \\.\Global\{634FCA8C-EBAB-4C90-A6A3-3B101C7F534B}.tap
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 TAP-Win32 Driver Version 8.4
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 TAP-Win32 MTU=1500
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 Notified TAP-Win32 driver to set a DHCP IP/netmask of 10.10.100.2/255.255.255.252 on interface {634FCA8C-EBAB-4C90-A6A3-3B101C7F534B} [DHCP-serv: 10.10.100.1, lease-time: 31536000]
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 Successful ARP Flush on interface [3] {634FCA8C-EBAB-4C90-A6A3-3B101C7F534B}
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 TEST ROUTES: 0/0 succeeded len=2 ret=0 a=0 u/d=down
Thu Apr 02 15:43:18 2009 Route: Waiting for TUN/TAP interface to come up...
Thu Apr 02 15:43:19 2009 TEST ROUTES: 0/0 succeeded len=2 ret=0 a=0 u/d=down
Thu Apr 02 15:43:19 2009 Route: Waiting for TUN/TAP interface to come up...
Thu Apr 02 15:43:20 2009 TEST ROUTES: 0/0 succeeded len=2 ret=0 a=0 u/d=down
Thu Apr 02 15:43:20 2009 Route: Waiting for TUN/TAP interface to come up...
Thu Apr 02 15:43:21 2009 TEST ROUTES: 0/0 succeeded len=2 ret=0 a=0 u/d=down
Thu Apr 02 15:43:21 2009 Route: Waiting for TUN/TAP interface to come up...
Thu Apr 02 15:43:22 2009 TEST ROUTES: 0/0 succeeded len=2 ret=0 a=0 u/d=down
Thu Apr 02 15:43:22 2009 Route: Waiting for TUN/TAP interface to come up...
Thu Apr 02 15:43:23 2009 TEST ROUTES: 0/0 succeeded len=2 ret=0 a=0 u/d=down
Thu Apr 02 15:43:23 2009 Route: Waiting for TUN/TAP interface to come up...
Thu Apr 02 15:43:24 2009 TEST ROUTES: 2/2 succeeded len=2 ret=1 a=0 u/d=up
Thu Apr 02 15:43:24 2009 route ADD 10.0.0.0 MASK 255.255.255.0 10.10.100.1
Thu Apr 02 15:43:24 2009 Route addition via IPAPI succeeded
Thu Apr 02 15:43:24 2009 OpenVPN ROUTE: omitted no-op route: 10.10.100.1/255.255.255.255 -> 10.10.100.1
SYSTEM ROUTING TABLE
10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 10.10.100.1 p=0 i=3 t=4 pr=3 a=0 h=0 m=1/-1/-1/-1/-1
10.10.100.0 255.255.255.252 10.10.100.2 p=0 i=3 t=3 pr=2 a=0 h=0 m=30/-1/-1/-1/-1
10.10.100.2 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1 p=0 i=1 t=3 pr=2 a=0 h=0 m=30/-1/-1/-1/-1
10.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 10.10.100.2 p=0 i=3 t=3 pr=2 a=0 h=0 m=30/-1/-1/-1/-1
127.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 127.0.0.1 p=0 i=1 t=3 pr=2 a=27716 h=0 m=1/-1/-1/-1/-1
192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.2 p=0 i=2 t=3 pr=2 a=24 h=0 m=20/-1/-1/-1/-1
192.168.1.2 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1 p=0 i=1 t=3 pr=2 a=24 h=0 m=20/-1/-1/-1/-1
192.168.1.255 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.2 p=0 i=2 t=3 pr=2 a=24 h=0 m=20/-1/-1/-1/-1
224.0.0.0 240.0.0.0 10.10.100.2 p=0 i=3 t=3 pr=2 a=0 h=0 m=30/-1/-1/-1/-1
224.0.0.0 240.0.0.0 192.168.1.2 p=0 i=2 t=3 pr=2 a=24 h=0 m=20/-1/-1/-1/-1
255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 10.10.100.2 p=0 i=3 t=3 pr=2 a=27716 h=0 m=1/-1/-1/-1/-1
255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.2 p=0 i=2 t=3 pr=2 a=27716 h=0 m=1/-1/-1/-1/-1
SYSTEM ADAPTER LIST
TAP-Win32 Adapter V8 - Минипорт планировщика пакетов
Index = 3
GUID = {634FCA8C-EBAB-4C90-A6A3-3B101C7F534B}
IP = 10.10.100.2/255.255.255.252
MAC = 00:ff:63:4f:ca:8c
GATEWAY =
DHCP SERV = 10.10.100.1
DHCP LEASE OBTAINED = Thu Apr 02 15:43:24 2009
DHCP LEASE EXPIRES = Fri Apr 02 15:43:24 2010
Realtek RTL8168/8111 PCI-E Gigabit Ethernet NIC - Минипорт планировщика пакетов
Index = 2
GUID = {3007B9D1-E1CF-4192-99DF-CAF8F2B165F6}
IP = 192.168.1.2/255.255.255.0
MAC = 00:1d:7d:e8:7b:ed
GATEWAY =
Thu Apr 02 15:43:24 2009 Initialization Sequence Completed


Ifconfig (сервер)

читать дальше »

le0: flags=8843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST> metric 0 mtu 1500
options=8<VLAN_MTU>
ether 00:0c:29:4b:76:9a
inet 10.0.0.33 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 10.0.0.255
media: Ethernet autoselect
status: active
le1: flags=8843<UP,BROADCAST,RUNNING,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST> metric 0 mtu 1500
options=8<VLAN_MTU>
ether 00:0c:29:4b:76:a4
inet 192.168.1.1 netmask 0xffffff00 broadcast 192.168.1.255
media: Ethernet autoselect
status: active
plip0: flags=108810<POINTOPOINT,SIMPLEX,MULTICAST,NEEDSGIANT> metric 0 mtu 1500
lo0: flags=8049<UP,LOOPBACK,RUNNING,MULTICAST> metric 0 mtu 16384
inet6 fe80::1%lo0 prefixlen 64 scopeid 0x4
inet6 ::1 prefixlen 128
inet 127.0.0.1 netmask 0xff000000
tun0: flags=8051<UP,POINTOPOINT,RUNNING,MULTICAST> metric 0 mtu 1500
inet 10.10.100.1 --> 10.10.100.2 netmask 0xffffffff
Opened by PID 863


ipconfig (клиент)
читать дальше »

Настройка протокола IP для Windows

Имя компьютера . . . . . . . . . : new
Основной DNS-суффикс . . . . . . : odp.local
Тип узла. . . . . . . . . . . . . : гибридный
IP-маршрутизация включена . . . . : нет
WINS-прокси включен . . . . . . . : нет

Подключение по локальной сети - Ethernet адаптер:

DNS-суффикс этого подключения . . :
Описание . . . . . . . . . . . . : Realtek RTL8168/8111 PCI-E Gigabit Ethernet NIC
Физический адрес. . . . . . . . . : 00-1D-7D-E8-7B-ED
Dhcp включен. . . . . . . . . . . : нет
IP-адрес . . . . . . . . . . . . : 192.168.1.2
Маска подсети . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.0
Основной шлюз . . . . . . . . . . :

Подключение по локальной сети 2 - Ethernet адаптер:

DNS-суффикс этого подключения . . :
Описание . . . . . . . . . . . . : TAP-Win32 Adapter V8
Физический адрес. . . . . . . . . : 00-FF-63-4F-CA-8C
Dhcp включен. . . . . . . . . . . : да
Автонастройка включена . . . . . : да
IP-адрес . . . . . . . . . . . . : 10.10.100.2
Маска подсети . . . . . . . . . . : 255.255.255.252
Основной шлюз . . . . . . . . . . :
DHCP-сервер . . . . . . . . . . . : 10.10.100.1
Аренда получена . . . . . . . . . : 3 апреля 2009 г. 8:52:31
Аренда истекает . . . . . . . . . : 3 апреля 2010 г. 8:52:31


netstat -r (сервер)
читать дальше »

Routing tables
Internet:
Destination Gateway Flags Refs Use Netif Expire
default 10.0.0.11 UGS 0 163 le0
10.0.0.0 link#1 UC 0 0 le0
dc2.odp.local 00:04:23:b0:a8:8e UHLW 1 1174 le0 1200
10.0.0.11 00:c0:26:a7:f0:c7 UHLW 2 1 le0 792
FreeBSD 00:0c:29:4b:76:9a UHLW 1 20 lo0
new.odp.local 00:1d:7d:e8:7b:ed UHLW 1 210 le0 757
buhs.odp.local 00:11:11:11:33:14 UHLW 1 45 le0 1158
10.0.0.255 ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff UHLWb 1 50 le0
10.10.100.0/30 10.10.100.2 UGS 0 0 tun0 =>
10.10.100.0 10.10.100.2 UGS 0 0 tun0
10.10.100.2 10.10.100.1 UH 2 0 tun0
localhost localhost UH 0 30 lo0
192.168.1.0 link#2 UC 0 0 le1
192.168.1.2 00:1d:7d:e8:7b:ed UHLW 1 68 le1 1085
192.168.1.255 ff:ff:ff:ff:ff:ff UHLWb 1 63 le1

Internet6:
Destination Gateway Flags Netif Expire
localhost localhost UHL lo0
fe80::%lo0 fe80::1%lo0 U lo0
fe80::1%lo0 link#4 UHL lo0
ff01:4:: fe80::1%lo0 UC lo0
ff02::%lo0 fe80::1%lo0 UC lo0


route (клиент)
читать дальше »

===========================================================================
Список интерфейсов
0x1 ........................... MS TCP Loopback interface
0x2 ...00 1d 7d e8 7b ed ...... Realtek RTL8168/8111 PCI-E Gigabit Ethernet NIC - ╠шэшяюЁЄ яырэшЁют∙шър яръхЄют
0x3 ...00 ff 63 4f ca 8c ...... TAP-Win32 Adapter V8 - ╠шэшяюЁЄ яырэшЁют∙шър яръхЄют
===========================================================================
===========================================================================
Активные маршруты:
Сетевой адрес Маска сети Адрес шлюза Интерфейс Метрика
10.0.0.0 255.255.255.0 10.10.100.1 10.10.100.2 1
10.10.100.0 255.255.255.252 10.10.100.2 10.10.100.2 30
10.10.100.2 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 30
10.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 10.10.100.2 10.10.100.2 30
127.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 1
192.168.1.0 255.255.255.0 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.2 20
192.168.1.2 255.255.255.255 127.0.0.1 127.0.0.1 20
192.168.1.255 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.2 20
224.0.0.0 240.0.0.0 10.10.100.2 10.10.100.2 30
224.0.0.0 240.0.0.0 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.2 20
255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 10.10.100.2 10.10.100.2 1
255.255.255.255 255.255.255.255 192.168.1.2 192.168.1.2 1
===========================================================================
Постоянные маршруты:
Отсутствует

Endy1 25-11-2011 14:03 1803118

Ребята, не знаю как решили эту проблему, но я столкнулся с тем же самым. OpenVPN пускает клиента на машину, где сам же OpenVPN сервер установлен. А дальше, во внутреннюю сеть никак не пробиться.
Думаю, что проблема с маршрутизацией (OpenVPN сервер не является рутером), но никак не могу сообразить что нужно копать...

Помогите пожалуйста советом!


Время: 12:54.

Время: 12:54.
© OSzone.net 2001-